The umudende belongs to the group of narrow cylindrical bells and is the only one of its kind still used in Burundi.
The umudende is formed by bending a thin iron sheet into a narrow cylinder (9-14 cm in length and 1.8-2.5 cm in diameter) that narrows towards the top like a funnel. At the top of the sheet is a narrow projecting tongue of metal that is folded inwards, forming a hook for the narrow clapper (6-10 cm).
For more information consult the following publications edited by the RMCA:
© KMMA/Jos GANSEMANS